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Inheritance and completing a will from the Quran alone

Updated: May 30

 

Introduction:

Inheritance is the process of distributing a person's property and assets to others after they die. In Islamic law, there are specific guidelines for how this should be done, as outlined in the Qur'an.


Creating a will, or "wasiyyah," is an important step in ensuring that a person's wishes are carried out and that their inheritance is distributed according to the principles of fairness and justice.

 

Inheritance is an important topic in Islamic law, and the Qur'an provides guidance on how it should be handled. According to the Qur'an, the distribution of an individual's estate after their death should be done according to certain guidelines, with certain relatives receiving a fixed share of the inheritance and others receiving a share based on their relationship to the deceased. (Qur'an 4:11-12, 4:176)


In Islamic law, the process of distributing an inheritance is known as "faraid," and it is based on the principles of fairness and justice. (Qur'an 4:7-9, 4:33) The Qur'an specifies that certain relatives, such as the spouse, children, and parents of the deceased, are entitled to a fixed share of the inheritance. (Qur'an 4:11, 4:12) Other relatives may also be entitled to a share based on their relationship with the deceased. (Qur'an 4:33)


In order to ensure that the inheritance is distributed according to the guidelines set forth in the Qur'an, it is important for individuals to create a will. A will is a legal document that specifies how an individual's assets should be distributed after their death. In Islamic law, a will is known as a "wasiyyah" and it can be used to ensure that the inheritance is distributed according to the guidelines set forth in the Qur'an. (Qur'an 2:180, 2:240)


There are specific requirements for creating a valid will in Islamic law. For example, the will must be in writing and must be witnessed by at least two individuals who are of sound mind and capable of bearing witness. (Qur'an 2:282) The will must also be made by the individual who is creating it, and it must be made willingly and without any duress or coercion. (Qur'an 2:180)

In addition to specifying how the inheritance should be distributed, a will can also be used to appoint an executor to oversee the distribution of the assets. An executor is responsible for ensuring that the wishes of the deceased are carried out and that the inheritance is distributed according to the guidelines set forth in the will. (Qur'an 2:180)


In conclusion, inheritance is an important topic in Islamic law, and the Qur'an provides guidance on how it should be handled. Creating a will, or "wasiyyah," is an important step in ensuring that the inheritance is distributed according to the guidelines set forth in the Qur'an. By following the requirements for creating a valid will and appointing an executor to oversee the distribution of the assets, individuals can ensure that their wishes are carried out and that the inheritance is distributed according to the principles of fairness and justice. (Qur'an 4:7-9, 4:33, 4:11-12, 4:176, 2:180, 2:240, 2:282)

 

Conclusion:

Inheritance is an important aspect of Islamic law, and the Qur'an provides guidance on how it should be handled.


By creating a will and following the requirements for making a valid will, individuals can ensure that their assets are distributed according to their wishes and the guidelines set forth in the Qur'an.


Appointing an executor to oversee the distribution of the assets can also help to ensure that the inheritance is distributed according to the person's wishes and the principles of fairness and justice.


It is important for individuals to consider these issues and take steps to ensure that their wishes are carried out after their death.

 

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